For some years now I have closely observed the developments and studies in the World Values Survey. I find them interesting as I encounter the different values in the multi-cultural setting of New Life Church in Stockholm, Sweden. Let me start off by showing you some characteristics and I will take more time writing about them in my next blogs!
This study from 1981 – 2006 is called “A Human Development View on Value Change” Christian Welzel, Switzerland.
The Vertical graph:
1. The left Traditional/Secular values graph (down left) reflects the contrast between societies in which religion is very important and those in which it is not. Societies near the traditional pole emphasize the importance of
· parent-child ties and respect to authority,
· along with absolute standards and traditional family values,
· reject divorce, abortion, euthanasia, and suicide.
2. Societies with secular-based-on-reason values (the top left) have the opposite position on all of these topics.
The horizontal graph
The second dimension of this graph deals with Survival and Self-expression values. The tremendous wealth that has built up in different societies during the past generation means that an increasing part of the population has grown up taking survival for granted.
1. The left side, survival values; economic and physical security. Trying to make ends meet; focus on making it for another day.
2. The right side; we see that priorities in life have shifted from an emphasis on economic and physical security toward an increasing emphasis on subjective well-being, self-expression and quality of life. Studies show that focuses have shifted from Traditional toward Secular-based on reason values, in almost all industrial societies.
Take a look at Sweden (where I am living at the moment) and most of the Western countries (including Japan)!
· The strong independence and individualism make us focus on our own immediate problems, often cutting us off from our own past as well as the history of our society.
· We do not think about the traditions that have formed us or about the larger problems of our society . . . It is oriented to our immediate wants, desires, and emotions.
Just an observation… I will later write about some of the implications!
See you again soon!